At one time a base of Patiala province was set up by Baba Ala Singh approximately around year 1719 who also laid the foundation of Patiala two hundred fifty two years ago. Baba Ala Singh conquered Sirhind fighting his battles from this place. When he overpowered remote areas then from administrative angle he shifted his capital from Barnala to Patiala.

In Punjab, at present, there are half a dozen villages having their names resembling Barnala town. District Mansa has a village named Khara Barnala. Near Nawan Shehar, there are places Barnala Kalan and Barnala Khurd. Amritsar district too has a village named Barnala.

The common prevalent details reveal that this place was a village named Anahadgarh. In neighbouring village Bhadalwadh Rungarh Muslims used to live who indulged in cattle-stealing and plundering acts in surrounding villages grazing cattle in their crops. Following tormentation by Rungarh Muslims, people of Anahadgarh went to Bhadaur for help. Baba Gama was known for his might. When people went to Bhadaur at that time, Baba Gama was not there in his house but his brother Baba Ala Singh came along with them and he forced all Rungarh Muslims to run and started living there planting a tree (it being a Dera at that time marking foundation of a village).

Eminent Sikh historian Giani has recorded the details of setting up of Barnala in the annals of Khalsa in this manner that in the year 1775 Baba Ala Singh after offering Bhadaur (set up by King Padhar Sain) to his brother Duna Singh came to Barnala region which was lying aloof at that time. Setting it up, he made it his capital and took under his control surrounding villages. It too appears that Anahadgarh may be existing before and must have been deserted following attacks of Dharvis.

There are different opinions about the nomenclature of Barnala. Some are of the view, Vaaran being a region because of frequent storms was at that time also called Varna. So Barnala was called a land of too many storms which later on became Barnala because of precision of example. Another view reveals that a fort here is said to be built by Baba Ala Singh in which there was a 'Baahuli' (a well which had stairs going down). That too due to precision and Malwai accent was known as 'Baain'. Thus Baain Wala ultimately became Barnala. Thus these are different views only but no historical detail is available that how name Barnala came into existence.

The part pertaining to markets of present Barnala city is about eighty years old. The initial Barnala belongs to fort, its surrounding population, Sandhu and Bajwa Pattis. It was in fact a village. All rulers lived in the fort. The officers and other respectables lived outside the four-walls of the fort. The agriculturists inhabited Sandhu and Bajwa Pattis.

Barnala which at one time was the capital of province was District Headquarter when Patiala province came into existence and Bathinda and Mansa used to be its Tehsils (sub-divisions). At the time of independence of India, Bathinda became separate district. After India got freedom, in the year 1954 following abolition of provinces new state of Pepsu was made. Then too Barnala was a district headquarter and Rampura Phool and Malerkotla were its Tehsils (sub-divisions). When Pepsu State with Patiala as its capital was disbanded and merged in Punjab then status of Barnala district got degraded. Now it is only a sub-division. Earlier on, Barnala being a district headquarter had District and Sessions Judge Court but when Barnala became sub-division, it was offered Additional Distrcit and Sessions Judge Court vested with all the District and Session Judge Court powers.

The Dera Baba Gandha Singh of Barnala too appears to be linked with the history of Barnala. Once Bibi Pradhan kaur (famous with the name of 'Pradhan'), daughter of Maharaja Ala Singh, reached Mukatsar journey then. She met Baba Langar Singh. Listening to sermon and seeing serving of meals without any break left deep impact over her mind. She requested Baba Langar Singh that a saint of high conduct like him be sent to Barnala who may start congregation and meal service like this there. Accepting her request, Baba Langar Singh deemed his learned disciple Pandit Nikka Singh worthy for Barnala. Maharaja Ala Singh had heard a lot very well about Baba Langar Singh and Pandit Nikka Singh and whenever he talked of appointing a talented teacher for Bibi, then name of Pandit Nikka Singh used to be mentioned in high esteem. Complying with orders of Baba Langar Singh, Pandit Nikka Singh reached Barnala then Maharaja Ala Singh provided him with a beautiful house for residence. Pandit ji started congregation here. In this way, Dera Baba Gandha Singh came into existence and in fort regular meal-services were arranged where hundreds of people took meals and even today hearths of Baba Ala Singh present and Gurudwara is famous with the name of Baba Chulle (Hearths).

Apart from this, Barnala remained a nerve-centre of special activities during Praja Mandal movement and S. Seva Singh Thikriwala was also a prominent Praja Mandal activist who was born in village Thikriwala just four kilometres away from Barnala. Every year on January 19, in his memory a three day fair-cum-festival is organised where political conferences are also hosted by various political parties.

Barnala is the 20th distt. of Punjab

A spokesman of the state government said that Barnala and Tapa subdivisions had been included in Barnala district. It would consist of 17 kanungo circles, 170 patwar circles and 207 revenue villages with the district headquarters at Barnala.
It would be included in Patiala division. It was already a police district. However, a demand to make it a revenue district was being raised since 1980 by social activists such as Mr Sunil K. Kansal. Recently, the Bhattal Committee had recommended its creation.
In the past decade, Mansa, Fatehgarh Sahib, Muktsar, Moga, Mohali and Barnala districts have been created in the Malwa region.
Barnala once situated in District Sangrur, so a part of it. It is probably much more developed city than Sangrur. On industry front, I got some big organisations such as Trident Group, Malwa Cotton, Geeta Threads etc. Two leading combine manufacturers of India, Standard Combines, and Balkar Combines are in Handiaya village, which is about 5 kms from here. It has bank branches of HDFC and Bank of Punjab, besides having SBOP, SBI, P&SB, IOB etc.
It has many educational institutes. Sacred Heart International College of Education, S.D.College, S.D.College of Education, S.D.College of Pharmacy, LBS Arya Mahila College, Guru Nanak Nursing College, Gandhi Arya High School, Sacred Heart Convent School (2 schools exactly in the same name), Mother Teacher Preparatory School, Govt High School for Boys are a few to mention. It is having 4 Art & Craft colleges here. I t has one school for Deaf & Dumb children. Barnala got District's first slimming centre at K.C.Road in the name of Personal Touch Slimming Centre.
It has many religious places. Geeta Bhawan, Gurudwara Nanaksar, Gurudwara Pargatsar, Shiv Mandir (aka Station wala mandir), Mandir Baba Geeti Wala, Shiv Math (near Sekha Phatak), Maseet etc. Tuesday evening is a rush time for Geeta Bhawan.

It has been popular for my 'Sahit" (literature) too. Mr Ram Sarup Ankhi, Mr Om Parkash Gasso, Dr Pritam Singh Rahi, Dr Amar Komal, all live here.
Barnala is a city in the heart of Punjab. It was formerly located in the district Sangrur and now is the capital of the state's newest district of the same name.

Barnala is located at 30.38° N 75.55° E geographical coordinates and its original name (with diacritics) is Barnala. It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet).
Barnala is a medium sized town with all the amenities available within commutable distance. Its economy is supported by neighboring agriculture rich villages like Thikriwal, Gehal, Rajgarh, Uppli, Pherwahi, Dhanaula, Amla Singh Wala. It has diverse population supporting local industries and food business.
As of 2001 India census,[2] Barnala had a population of 96,397. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Barnala has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 58% of the males and 42% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Barnala has certain streets which are improving at a very fast pace - main is Sadar Bazar, Pharwahi Bazar, K.C. Road and Handiaya Bazar. It has a famous palace called Barnala kila. It is still a developing city and has no malls till yet. But under development, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Colony is a very posh area which in future; will become a big success. As Barnala has become district now, Investors will invest more on the development of Barnala.

Literacy Rate Male Female
General 75.63% 63.55%
SC / ST / OBC 49.82% 31.03%

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Barnala district. Near about 83% area of this district is under cultivation land of which 69% sown more than once. Near about 58% population depends on agriculture -either as labourers or as cultivators. The main crops of the district are wheat and rice but this year there is great increase in the area under cotton cultivation. Amongst the minor crops grown are maize and pulses. Recently Punjab Govt. has motivated the people for diversification of crops and allied activities like Fisheries, Bee Keeping, Mushroom, Oil seeds and other Vegetables cultivation. It resulted to cover the big area.
The Barnala is a fast emerging as an important industrial growth centre on the industrial map of the state. Besides traditional goods, high quality and sophisticated items are now produced including small cutting tools, threads by spinning mills, chemicals, paper, towels, combines ,tractors, electric scooty, bulldozers, cranes and their components, agricultural implements including harvester combines and thrashers, milk products, pesticides. On industry front, it got some big organizations such as Trident Group, Malwa Cotton, Geeta Threads etc. Two leading combine manufacturers of India, Standard Combines, and Balkar Combines are in Handiaya village, which is about 5 kms from here. There is another industry in Bhadaur related to truck body framing.
Occupational Distribution in Barnala:

Sr. No. Category of Workers No.
1. Cultivators 66039
2. Agriculture labourers 36829
3. Workers in House hold Industries 92014
4. All other workers 234184

Social Services
The Barnala district has a vast network of roads running through various towns and villages covering a total of 862.85 kms, which includes 72.525 kms of National Highways, 48 kms of State Highway, 17.5 kms of Major Roads and 74.84 Link Roads. The district does not have a strong railway network. The only railway line that passes through the district is the Rajpura - Bhatinda single line which passes through Barnala and Tapa Sub-Divisions of the district Barnala and it is a very prestigious railway line of the country, connecting Barnala to Ganganagar, Haridwar, Kalka, Amballa with Howrah and the Delhi —Bombay routes. The Rajpura¬-Bathinda line passes through Patiala and Nabha Sub-Division of Patiala District and serves Chhintawala Nabha, Kauli and Rajpura stations. The railway ministry has a proposal to make it double railway line.
The district has a large number a Post Offices and telegraph services. There are many Hospitals, Sub Health Centres, Veterinary Hospitals, Dispensaries, Primary Health Centers also provide good services to the peoples. The Government through the department of Social Welfare and other department like Agriculture, Horticulture, Fisheries and Rural Development and Panchayats provide a number of services to the public.
Education and Literacy

The Barnala district has a rich history of Education with a large number of Education Institution like 182 Govt. Primary, 27 Middle, 54 High and 32 Govt. Sr. Sec. Schools, four private aided schools, 2 Professional colleges, and ITI providing education as well as Technical Education to the people of Barnala. There are 2 degree and near about 3 professional college running successfully in this district. S.D. College and L.B.S Arya Mahila College of Barnala are the famous and oldest colleges in the area and are under Punjabi University Patiala. It has many educational institutes like Sacred Heart International College of Education, S.D.College, S.D.College of Education, S.D.College of Pharmacy, LBS Arya Mahila College, Guru Nanak Nursing College, YS Public School, BGS Public School, Gandhi Arya High School, Sacred Heart Convent School (2 schools exactly in the same name), Mother Teacher Preparatory School, Govt High School for Boys are a few to mention. It has one school for Deaf & Dumb children.